Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago proposed guiding principles and policy recommendations on net neutrality and OTT services in Trinidad and Tobago. – please read and comment before October 12 2018

The Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago (TATT)’s Discussion Paper on Net Neutrality and OTT Services in Trinidad and Tobago (PDF ; 63 pages ; 1034K) is out for public comments until October 12 2018.

About Net Neutrality

What is Net Neutrality? From Wikipedia: Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers treat all data on the Internet equally, and not discriminate or charge differently by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or method of communication.

About Over the Top Services (OTT)

OTT refers to “services that a customer may use which rides on top of a network to which the customer is connected” (CANTO, 2014) – which covers anything that is sent and received over the Internet from webpages to email to Voice over IP (VoIP) and video chat services (like Skype, Whatsapp, Google Duo), Messaging services (like Whatsapp, Apple iMessage, Google Allo) to video and audio streaming (like YouTube, Netflix, Facebook Video).

About TATT’s discussion paper on net neutrality and OTT Services in Trinidad and Tobago

In TATT’s discussion paper, TATT proposes several guiding principles and policy recommendations for Net Neutrality and OTT Services in Trinidad and Tobago. These proposed principles and recomendations WILL impact current and future Internet users and businesses in Trinidad and Tobago in how we use the Internet. Please therefore read the discussion paper and contribute to the TTCS response to the discussion paper (Google doc, no login needed) before October 12 2018 by following the links below, and read about TATT’s proposed principles and recommendations for Net Neutrality and OTT Services.

TATT proposed Guiding Principles for Net Neturality

Principle 1: Reasonable Traffic Management

  1. The Authority recognises that well-functioning broadband networks require operators to manage their networks reasonably.
  2. Traffic management techniques that are reasonable and serve to address specific needs should be allowed.

Principle 2: No Unreasonable Discrimination

  1. The Authority proposes net neutrality rules that specifically prohibit network operators from intentionally downgrading and/or blocking lawful content, applications and/or services.
  2. Discriminatory practices may be allowed for societal issues such as: bridging the digital divide, public safety, emergency situations, law enforcement and national security issues, and child pornography.

Principle 3: Encouraging Investment

  1. Net neutrality policy decisions should ensure that market opportunities and investment prospects are not unduly disrupted.
  2. Net neutrality policy decisions should encourage a climate of regulatory certainty that incentivises investment, e.g., through sector stability and the expectation of reasonable rates of return on investment opportunities.

Principle 4: Transparency

  1. Network operators should disclose their network practices inclusive of traffic management practices and application-specific behaviour.
  2. The disclosure of traffic management information that is commercially sensitive in nature, or which may compromise the security of a network, should be exempted from the principle of transparency.

Principle 5: Promoting Local Innovation and Entrepreneurship

  1. Any policy framework on net neutrality should be guided by the stimulation of local innovation and entrepreneurship.

TATT’s proposed policy recommendations for net neutrality

On Blocking and Throttling

  1. An ISP should not prevent (through blocking) end users from freely accessing and/or providing lawful information, content, services and applications.
  2. Subject to the principle of reasonable traffic management, an ISP should not intentionally restrict, alter, degrade or impair specific content, services or applications.

On Paid Prioritisation and Zero-Rated Pricing

  1. The Authority proposes penalising harmful and proven offences as opposed to the absolute banning of paid prioritisation and zero-rating practices.
  2. Each case should be evaluated on its individual merit and regulatory action would only be warranted where there is violation of one or more of the guiding principles.

View / Download
Discussion Paper on Net Neutrality and OTT Services in Trinidad and Tobago
(PDF ; 1034K)

TATT’s proposed regulation of OTT Services

Classification 1: Functionally Equivalent OTT Services

  1. OTTs which are functionally equivalent to traditional services and use numbering resources to connect to the PSTN [Public Switch Telephone Network] should be regulated in the same manner as traditional telecommunications services.
  2. Amendments to the Authority’s Authorisation Framework will be required to reflect classification 1 OTT services.

Classification 2: Other OTT Services

  1. The Authority may consider taking a light-handed regulatory approach to OTT services not requiring numbering or spectrum resources.
  2. Amendments to the Authority’s Authorisation Framework will be required to reflect classification 2 OTT services.
  3. General regulatory controls should be applied to these services. These include, inter alia, cybersecurity, data protection, child pornography, intellectual property rights, national security and privacy controls.



Various events during Internet Week Trinidad and Tobago from October 2-5, 2018 ; pre-registration required

The Latin American and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry (LACNIC), Google, the Internet Society (ISOC), and the Caribbean Network Operators’ Group (CaribNOG), under the auspices of the Ministry of Public Administration, are hosting Internet Week Trinidad and Tobago, which will be held from 2-5 October 2018 in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.

Internet Week Trinidad and Tobago will bring together Trinidad and Tobago  Internet stakeholders, regional Internet organisations, and the global technical community to address the strengthening, security and resilience of local Internet infrastructure, and the enhancement of the quality and delivery of Internet services. Internet Week Trinidad and Tobago consists of five premier events, namely:

  • CaribNOG 16th Regional Meeting on Securing Caribbean Networks
  • LACNIC/Google Workshop on Entrepreneurship and Digital Marketing
  • Internet Society Meeting on Community Networks and Natural Disaster Management
  • LACNIC/Google Workshop on Interconnection and IP Traffic in Trinidad and Tobago (by special invitation only)
  • LACNIC’s AMPARO Workshop on How to set up a Computer Security Incident Response Team (CSIRT) and Incident Management (by special invitation only)

All Internet Week Trinidad and Tobago activities are free-of-charge and open to the public, but registration is mandatory. Please indicate clearly the activities that you are interested in attending during the registration process. No walk-ins will be allowed on the day of the event. The activities will be held at Level 4, Government Campus Plaza Auditorium on Richmond Street, Port of Spain, except for the Interconnection and AMPARO workshops, which are by invitation only.

For more information, visit the event website.

Some Trinidad and Tobago Computer Society website updates…..and a look back at 20 years online.

Not accurate depiction of new web host (screenshot of the TTCS website in 1999)

Over the past few weeks, the TTCS has transitioned to a new web host. One of the key benefits and goals was to implement https:// ( Read from Google why https:// is important) instead of http:// throughout the site.

A challenge to implement https:// throughout was a large number of passive mixed content affecting (350+ links) according to, due to content (images, documents) still being served from when we were using as a blog off the static website from around 2007 to 2010/11. Also (over 600 crawl errors were detected due to broken links from web content spanning 20+ years online with links from

So over the past three  weeks, a lot of post re-editing was done to ensure that the online website history of the TTCS from 1995 to now is now fully within our  WordPress CMS. In going through this excercise, I thought I’ll share some history of how the TTCS was “on the web” since 1997.

History of TTCS online


We used thanks to Opus Networx. We started with a two versions of the site, a framed and non framed version.


Around 1999, we eliminated the framed version in favour of the non framed version.

Internet Archive link of from April 2009

1999 – used

At the end of 1999, we decided on getting which was donated by Opus Networx. The first design went like this :

Internet Archive link of circa Sept 2000

end of 2000 – redesign of

Using more colour schemes! This was still using tables for layout

Internet Archive link of circa 2000

2002 – redesign of

The redesign of the main page went live on April 6th, 2002 used CSS instead of HTML tables or Javascript for layout.


In October 2003, the site was redesigned again

Internet Archive Link of in 2003

This core design which validated as HTML v4.01 strict stayed with until 2011. We started paying for web hosting around 2005 and still do to this day

All of these previous versions were static HTML files, meaning no content management system like WordPress or Drupal was used. Just creating and editing HTML files directly and using FTP to upload to the web server.

Notepad was the key editor used to edit the html files up to 1998-1999 under Windows 3.x, but in the Win98SE days from 1998 to 2002, a editor called xEdit was used with provided syntax highlighting and the ability to edit multiple files via a tabbed notebook UI. Under Windows XP, Programmer’s Notepad was used and around 2010 or so, used Notepad++.

Around 2004, a program called a HTML preprecessor called PPWIZARD was used to generate the html files from text files around 2004 which aided in reusing code snippets throughout the site.

We experimented with blogger in 2004 in preparation for a 2004 tech meeting, but didn’t continue using it.

In 2006, a wiki at Pbwiki was created to allow for members to collaborate on content and in 2007 a “blog” at ( was added at to allow for easier posting and subscribing to updates.

Which helped somewhat but then this created challenges of having content scattered over multiple platforms and that TTCS content was not under one domain name. The website had been designed without concepts of mobile or responsive web design so a redesign again was needed.

Hence the moves to move content to WordPress from 2011 first under and now This was indeed a laborious process, especially for the static files which required manual creation of category posts and pages to be created and copy and paste. And copy and paste. And copy and paste. And editing. And editing. 🙂

As part of the migration to the new host for, we’ve removed the, pbwiki content and the static files from so that all of the content will be findable under and redirects to

Having said that, we are using the default theme. Anyone wishing to help come up with a improved theme, please contact the TTCS at [email protected] .

(Update : 27 Sept 2016 – expanded discussion of text editors used to code the website and expanded on what PPWIZARD did. )


TTCS OSSWIN 2.3 a collection of Free and Open Source Software (#FOSS) for Windows available for download

screenshot of the TTCS OSSWIN 2.1 UI

The TTCS OSSWIN v2.30, a collection of the latest version of Free and Open Source Software for Microsoft Windows 10/8/7 is available for download.

The latest release features 2 new programs, and of course lots of software updates. Also, replaced many screenshots of programs running in Windows XP with screenshots of those programs running in Windows 10

Visit the TTCS OSSWIN page at for more details and to download the 4GB collection as an ISO file for extracting to your harddrive or USB storage device or for burning on to a DVD.

Note that you can also browse TTCS OSSWIN online at which features the web interface to learn about Free and Open Source programs in various categories, including screenshots or videos of the programs and a link to the program’s website where you can download the program. The web based UI is responsive, meaning it should be usable on non-Windows small screen mobile phones and tablets.

TTCS comments on TATT’s Discussion Paper on Android Boxes in Trinidad and Tobago submitted

The Trinidad and Tobago Computer Society has submitted its comments on the Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago (TATT)  “Discussion Paper on Android Boxes in Trinidad and Tobago” (PDF ; 666K ; 22 pages).

View the TTCS comments on TATT’s Discussion Paper on Android Boxes in Trinidad and Tobago (PDF ; 275K)


TTCS draft comments on TATT “Discussion Paper on Android Boxes in Trinidad and Tobago” – please review and comment

The TTCS has begun drafting a possible submission to the Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago (TATT) “Discussion Paper on Android Boxes in Trinidad and Tobago” (PDF ; 666K ; 22 pages)

Our core draft comment :

“The reasons for falling subscription models are not only due to piracy but due to changing habits from consumers, especially more internet savvy ones who want

– to have choices on what to watch from online services like YouTube and Netflix.

– to have choice on what device they want to watch be it their

television, computer, mobile phone or tablet

– to decide when they want to watch content and be able to pause and resume watching content when they want.

– having more choices other than just watching TV or online content (browsing/posting to social media, playing online games)

The appeal of paying for subscriber TV to watch a subset of TV channels with ads and to be constrained by the schedule of what TV channels are broadcasting at specific times isn’t likely to appeal to Internet savvy users.

The success of Netflix shows that persons are willing to pay for content, as well as persons buying video content from services like Apple or watch ads when watching online video from services like YouTube.

The proliferation of cinema megacomplexes in Trinidad and Tobago also point to persons that are willing to pay to watch the latest movie releases.

TATT should therefore NOT impose protectionist measures to protect the business models  offered by subscription TV industry.”

Please view and comment on the draft TTCS comments on TATT’s Discussion Paper on Android Boxes in Trinidad and Tobago. You do not need a Google account to comment.

TATT’s deadline for comments on the discussion paper is Friday August 24 2018.



TATT publishes “Discussion Paper on Net Neutrality and Over the Top (OTT) Services in Trinidad and Tobago” for comments until September 7 2018

(Update: TATT has extended comments to Friday September 21 2018)

(Update2: TATT has further extended comments to Friday October 12 2018)

The Telecommunications Authority of Trinidad and Tobago (TATT) has published a Discussion Paper on Net Neutrality and OTT Services in Trinidad and Tobago (PDF ;  1034K )

The purpose of this 63 page discussion paper is to examine “both sides of the net neutrality debate within the context of Trinidad and Tobago and proposes guiding principles and recommendations for net neutrality. The paper considers to what extent net neutrality regulation is desirable in an era of growing OTT applications and services, and proposes policy positions to this effect.”

Furthermore, the objectives of this paper are to:
i. explore the nature of OTT services as they relate to voice, media and messaging.
ii. present the key principles underlying both sides of the net neutrality debate.
iii. examine the policy issues relating to net neutrality and OTT services.
iv. propose guiding principles for net neutrality in Trinidad and Tobago.
v. make recommendations for the regulation of net neutrality and OTTs in Trinidad and Tobago.

View / Download
Discussion Paper on Net Neutrality and OTT Services in Trinidad and Tobago
(PDF ; 1034K)

Interested persons are asked to submit comments on this document in accordance with the TATT’s Public Consultation Comment Submission Form on or before Friday 7 September 2018.


Register and attend the free Internet Governance 101 event on Saturday 21 July 2018 from 9am to 11:30 ;

Internet Governance Building “Under Construction” (Image from DiploFoundation (

The Trinidad and Tobago Multistakeholder Advisory Group (TTMAG) will be hosting a Internet Governance 101 event on July 21 2018 from 9am to 11:30am at Naparima College, San Fernando, from 9 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.

IG101 will be an interactive session that introduces the key concepts, organisations and perspectives on Internet Governance, with content that will be sure to engage stakeholders from academic, business, legal, technical and other backgrounds. The IG101 event follows from the 2018 Trinidad and Tobago Internet Governance Forum (TTIGF), and in response to TTIGF participant feedback

The event is free, however space is limited. To confirm your attendance, visit the TTMAG IG101 Eventbrite page to register online. Persons that register will be sent preparatory material for the IG101 event.